India is one of the leading graphite producers in the world. This is one of the reason there are some good Graphite Mining Companies in India trying to boost the economy through graphite mining. Graphite is an important industrial resource and is much in demand all over the world.
On Graphite :
- The term ‘Graphite is derived from Greek language, and it means: ‘to write’.
- It is the naturally occurring form of carbon. It is a stable form of it.
- The usage of graphite is wide and varied .Starting from pencils to the extent of nuclear plants – the usage is mind blowingly myriad. It has its usage as electrodes, in brake linings, in batteries and in the process of manufacturing of steel.
- Graphene is a naturally occurring substance in graphite which is considered one of the strongest substances found on the surface of the earth. It is 200 times stronger than steel.
- Graphene itself is a very good conductor of heat and electricity.
- All these uses of Graphite in varied forms makes it one of the most needed mineral for industrial needs.
India’s Graphite resources :
India is one among the leading graphic producers in the world. According to the data of 2013, India has reserves of about 11m tonnes.
India’s Graphite occurrences are found in states like Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Chattisgarh and Rajasthan.
However, the deposits which can be of economic significance are found in Andhra Pradesh, Chattisgarh and Arunachal Pradesh. Some of these fields are yet to be exploited. As far as graphite mining and processing is concerned, Jharkhand, Odisha and Tamil Nadu are the major states where mining is being undertaken. Lately, Graphite mining has begun in Arunachal Pradesh as well.
As per the data of 2013, India’s total graphite resources is pegged at 10.75 m tonnes in terms of reserves. The available resources are about 158.02m tonnes. The available Graphite reserves per state are as follows: Andhra Pradesh – 0.43, Arunachal Pradesh 72.75, Chattisgarh 1.01, Gujarat 3.35, Jammu and Kashmir 62.74, Jharkhand 10.37, Karnataka 0.26, Kerala 1.45, Maharashtra 1.16, Odisha 5.42, Rajasthan 1.91, Tamil Nadu 7.91 . The values all being in tonnes.This is as per the survey of Geological Society of India. Among the total available graphite resources Arunachal Pradesh has 43% of the reserves, followed by Jammu Kashmir at 37%, Jharkhand at 6%, Tamil Nadu at 5% and Odisha at 3%. Though if we look at the quantity of reserves, Tamil Nadu leads by 37% of the reserves, Jharkhand is at 30%, Odisha at 29%.
Responsible mining of Graphite :
One of the major challenges of Graphite mining is the fact that it causes environmental hazards if adequate care is not taken regarding disposal of wastes, etc. The government thus now has stressed on responsible mining which is mining without causing any environmental damage or mining rampantly without assessing the need.