West Bengal is a state of beauty and of rich resources. Flora and Fauna thrive here along with rich mineral resources. There are also… Minor Minerals in West Bengal which are a source of income for the state. Bankura is one such district of West Bengal where we get to see an amalgamation of everything that may be found in West Bengal.
There are historical places, natural beauty and is also a place which is one of the important places for Mining in West Bengal for minor minerals. Let us get to know a bit more about this beauty called Bankura.
* About Bankura: Bankura is part of the Medinipur subdivision of West Bengal. The surrounding districts are – Purba Bardhaman, Paschim Bardhaman, Purulia, Jhargram, Paschim Medinipur and Hooghly. Bankura town is the district headquarter.
* Origin: Bankura was the center of the Malla Kingdom of the Mallabhum region of Bengal. It was here that Vaishnavism flourished in the seventeenth century. The kingdom was annexed by the East India Company under the British in 1765. Bankura district in its modern form was developed in 1881.
* Origin of Name: Like with every historical name, there are many versions and many stories surrounding the origin of the name of Bankura. In the local Kol-Munda language, Banku means beautiful and Orah mean the place of stay or habitat. Another version of the origin of the name is Banka that means ZigZag. Also, the famous deity which is locally worshipped is called Dharmathakur – who is locally known as Bankura Roy. Another belief is that Bankura was named after its founder chieftain called Banku Rai. And yet another legend is that the town was named in respect to Bir Bankura, one of the sons of Bir Hambir who was the king of Bishnupur.
* Special Interest: The place is known for its Terracotta temples made of red soil that is available locally. It is also known as the Temple City of Bengal. The terracotta handicrafts of the area are famous the world over. The area is known for two famous hills Susunia Hills and Beharinath Hills. In this place is also the second-largest dam that is earthen at Mukutmanipur. There is also the Mejia Power Plant. There are three rivers flowing through the district – Darakeswar, Gandheswari, and Kangsabati. The forest of Jaipur is the lone forest in the Southern Bengal plains. The oldest medical college is the Bankura Sammilani Medical College.
The rugged yet historical beauty of the area draws in a massive number of tourists every year and a lot of revenue of the area is generated with tourism. The handicrafts – especially the terracotta handicrafts- are a special draw for people all across the world.
The people of the area are always eager to welcome guests and are extremely friendly and courteous. It is the friendly nature of the local people that has helped tourism flourish in the area. But the local people and the government always takes special efforts to preserve and protect the rich cultural heritage of the area.